Caldera collapse increases the size and duration of volcanic eruptions
Scientists have figured out what triggers large-scale volcanic eruptions and what conditions likely lead to them.
Hawaii’s Kilauea is one of the most active volcanoes in the world. Because of this and its relative ease of accessibility, it is also among the most heavily outfitted with monitoring equipment—instruments that measure and record everything from earthquakes and ground movement to lava volume and advancement.
Kilauea’s 2018 eruption, however, was especially massive. In fact, it was the volcano’s largest eruption in over 200 years. Scientists at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California used the abundance of data collected from this rare event to shed light on the cause of large-scale eruptions like this one and, perhaps more importantly, what mechanisms trigger them…
Thriving, not Surviving: A conversation with Komal Minhas on Resilience
I’ve always conceptualized resilience as ‘the ability to withstand adversity and thriving in spite of it’. However, an interesting and unique definition of resilience I’ve come across recently is: ‘resilience is thinking about how you can create systems in your life that help you come back from hard things.’
I learnt this from Komal Minhas, resilience educator. It got me thinking about resilience in a new, different and more holistic way…