Resilience technique lets military robots work together without comms

‘We always come last’: Deaf people are vulnerable to disaster risk but excluded from preparedness

Deaf people are highly vulnerable to disaster risk but tend to be excluded from programs aimed at boosting preparedness and resilience, our research has found.

Our study, published in the International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, examined the challenges the New South Wales Deaf community faces in accessing the support they need to effectively respond to disaster risk.

Deaf people are frequently unaware of evacuation shelter locations, unsure of whom and how to ask for help, and more likely to return to unsafe homes and conditions.

Our research showed Deaf people are vulnerable to disasters for various reasons, including:

low disaster awareness and preparedness

poor knowledge of emergency services roles and responsibilities

dependency on family and friends for help.

Via a mix of focus group discussions and interviews with 317 Deaf people, approximately 11.8% of the identified Deaf population in NSW, Deaf people shared their experiences of bushfires, floods, hailstorms and severe storms, tropical cyclones, and earthquakes…

Resilience technique lets military robots work together without comms

The US Army is working on a technique that will allow teams of robots on the battlefield to work together effectively, even when communications become spotty. Called α-shape, the approach helps groups of autonomous robots achieve their mission goals without conflict or duplication of efforts, despite not being able to consult with one another.

If robots are to be any use on the battlefield, then they must be able to operate under all the frustrations of the battlefield – not the least of which is that communications are often not available due to equipment failures, enemy countermeasures, or the need for stealth. This is especially true for teams of robots that have enough intelligence to adapt to conditions to accomplish their goals, but don’t have ideal communication links to sort out who does what…

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