Building resilience and securing land tenure in the face of disasters
For the 4.3 billion people living in the Asia-Pacific region – the world’s most disaster-prone region – much is at stake during the annual monsoon season, which brings torrential rains, floods and landslides.
Millions of people are affected in South Asia, particularly Bangladesh, India and Nepal.
Vulnerable families and informal settlers who have built their homes in hazardous areas are often hardest hit by extreme weather and climate disasters. Unable to show proof of legal land ownership, many also find themselves cut off from recovery services and housing assistance following catastrophes.
In Nepal, UN-Habitat reports that the Nepalese Land Administration System only deals with the statutory land tenure system, and does not cover informal land tenure― which comprises a quarter of the total arable land and settlements outside of the formal system.
Without legal proof of ownership of the land they live on, the most vulnerable communities are often excluded in post-disaster assistance and services.Lessons learned from disaster recovery in the region shows that land is foundational to building disaster resilience. With secure land tenure, disaster-hit people can get back on their feet, start rebuilding their homes and livelihoods, and regain a sense of normalcy.In responding to the devastating 2015 earthquakes and floods in subsequent years in Nepal, organisations such as Habitat for Humanity used geographic information system-based technology to map hazardous areas, assess vulnerable families, and advocate for access to safer land for housing….
Watch tsunami waves from a 9.0 earthquake in new simulation videos from Washington scientists
A magnitude 9.0 earthquake could certainly qualify as the much-feared “big one” in Washington state. New simulation videos from the Washington State Department of Natural Resources show how big the tsunami waves might be.
The Associated Press reported Wednesday on the series of modeled videos (watch one below) that show tsunamis started by a very large quake on the Cascadia subduction zone. Washington Geological Survey hazard geologists created wave and velocity simulations for the entire coast as well as Bellingham, Wash., and the San Juan Islands.
The simulations show the estimated height and speed of waves that are expected to reach Washington communities minutes after the next Cascadia earthquake