‘Natural disasters are shaped by social and economic inequality’
In the early hours of October 31, 1876, a devastating cyclone emanating from the Bay of Bengal drowned at least 0.21 million people and another 0.1 million died in the cholera epidemic and famine that followed. Such events are often described as “natural disasters”. But historian Ben Kingsbury turns that interpretation on its head in his book, An Imperial Disaster: The Bengal Cyclone of 1876, showing it was not simply a “natural” event, but one shaped by all-too-human patterns of exploitation and inequality—by divisions within Bengali society, and the enormous disparities of political and economic power that characterised…
Study: Natural Disasters Double Likelihood of Child Poverty
Children in some disaster-prone regions are twice as likely to be living in chronic poverty, according to new research.
A report from the London-based Overseas Development Institute (ODI) looks at the impact of natural disasters across different stages of a child’s life in India and Kenya – and warns that climate change is making such incidents more frequent and more intense
The research focused on the links between natural disasters and child well-being in three drought-prone counties in Kenya: Bungoma, Kakamega and Turkana, between 2000 and 2014.
The researchers also conducted case studies in India’s Bihar state, where devastating floods have become more common in recent years.
“Usually after a disaster we hear about the number of people who’ve died or economic losses, but we don’t tend to hear about what the longer-term impacts of the disaster are. And this research is really exciting because it looks at the impact of disasters and climate change on child well-being and longer-term development outcomes,” report co-author Emma Lovell told VOA….