Understanding resilient cities
There are about a million things that would come to mind when we use the catchphrase “resilient city.”
With “resilience” alone, natural hazards, which vary from cyclonic events to volcanic eruptions and frequent earthquakes, easily top our list, given that the Philippines falls only next to Vanuatu and Tonga in the World Risk Index (which also looks into the vulnerability, or how the country become susceptible to these hazards).
Our urban centers also vary in terms of hazards: from topographies that are inherent to an archipelago, to human-induced or technical events, such as conflict, local economic crises, and sparking octopus wires…
Natural disasters: The great equalizer
Although more people at the lower income levels are affected by natural disasters, they are able to more easily diversify their income by taking part in reconstruction and recovery efforts or other low-skilled labour and many do not own significant material assets, the research showed.
“These findings may be somewhat surprising on the face of it as one would expect natural disasters to exacerbate income inequality. However, at subsistence level, people possess little that can be lost to a natural disaster,” the research paper further said.
The findings were consistent across the non-seasonal agricultural and non-agricultural income sectors. However, natural disasters were found to increase seasonal agricultural income inequality.
The study, conducted at the University of Sussex by Dr. Subhani Keerthiratne as part of her doctoral studies with her PhD advisor Professor Richard Tol, indicated that natural disasters destroy the income-generating assets of the middle-income and high-income…