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Study suggests slow Puerto Rico recovery could enhance PTSD among residents


Mirian Medina stands on her property in San Isidro, Puerto Rico, about two weeks after Hurricane Maria swept through the island. Mario Tama/Getty Images Photos: The disasters we lived through in 2017…see full article at:

The Tenth Anniversary of Hurricane Katrina

Allegory, particularly in the form of personification, was one of the most important forms through which late Medieval society attempted to understand itself. And few literary texts display the ways in which allegory served to capture and bind together the abstract and the concrete, the temporal and the eternal as William Langland’s Piers Ploughman, a work composed in the late fourteenth century. At the conclusion of the text, the narrator, Will, awakens from a dream vision. What has been revealed to him, however, does not pertain to the spirit, but to the flesh. He is starving, and the soul can no longer ignore the demands of the body. Frightened, and without any prospect of a meal, Will encounters the allegorical figure of Need. Need offers him a kind of salvation, but it is a salvation of the flesh: he may take what is necessary for his survival without regard to conscience or doctrine, for “Need has no law and shall never fall in debt for the things he takes his life for to save.” Just as he needs no one’s permission to drink water from a ditch, Need tells Will, he may appropriate the food or clothing he requires not to perish from hunger or exposure, even if they are the property of another…


Study suggests slow Puerto Rico recovery could enhance PTSD among residents

After hurricane Maria caused massive destruction throughout Puerto Rico, many Puerto Ricans continue to face the challenge of whether to remain in their devastated community or move to the United States mainland, either temporarily or permanently. A number of studies on the psychological impacts of natural disasters suggest that the answer depends on the timeliness of reconstruction.

Of particular relevance is the result of a recently published study in “The Asian Journal of Psychiatry” of the long-term psychological effects of a powerful earthquake that struck Armenia in 1988 and claimed 25,000 lives. Researches were able to evaluate the psychological functioning 20 years after the event of a sample of Armenians who were living the country at the time. This is the first study that followed the victims of a natural disaster for such a long time…


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